Biological Science Careers List

Here’s a list of some of the coolest and most interesting biological science careers!


Biologists are scientists who investigate the secrets of life. They study living things—plants, animals, and microorganisms—and how these organisms interact with their environments. Biologists work in many different areas: botany (the study of plants), zoology (the study of animals), microbiology (the study of microscopic organisms), genetics (the study of heredity and variation in living organisms), ecology (the study of relationships between organisms and their environment), and evolutionary biology (the study of how species change over time).


An ecologist is trained to study the relationships between organisms and their environment. Ecologists can specialize in many different areas, such as natural resources management or animal behavior. They use fieldwork and lab experiments to find out more about how ecosystems work and how they can be managed sustainably.

Biological Science Careers List


If you’re a biology student, you may have already chosen your career path. On the other hand, you may be unsure of the many different ways you can use your degree. For those who feel stuck in limbo, I’ve compiled a list of careers that you can apply for with a degree in biology—or at least a biology-related field. Since there are so many subfields within biology and related fields, it’s hard to say whether this list is comprehensive (probably not). That said, I encourage students to use this list as a jumping off point to explore income potential, job satisfaction and the amount of education required for jobs they find interesting.


Agronomy is the science and study of the soil, crop growth and soil management. It is a branch of biology. Agronomists are scientists who study how to grow crops, manage pests and soil fertility, and how to improve environmental quality by using sustainable agriculture practices.

Agronomists work in many fields including:

  • Agricultural production
  • Plant protection (e.g., insecticides)
  • Food processing/manufacturing

Animal nutrition

Animal nutrition is the study of nutrient requirements, metabolism, and feed formulation. Animal nutrition is important for livestock and pet animals because it can help keep them healthy, which leads to improved performance in terms of growth rates and product quality. In addition to animal health benefits, animal nutrition is also crucial for profitability in all areas of the animal industry.

Animal training

You might not think of animal training as a profession, but if you’ve ever sat through a film or television show and wondered how the animals got their scenes so perfect, you may have been watching someone who specializes in this field. Professional animal trainers teach animals how to perform on cue for movies and TV shows. They also train zoo animals for public viewing, teach military dogs how to sniff out bombs and explosives, work with police dogs to help them find lost children or missing persons, and even train circus animals for performances. These careers are just some examples of what you could do if you have experience as an animal trainer.


Apiculture is the art and science of raising honeybees. The practice of apiculture has been around for thousands of years, with evidence suggesting that ancient Egyptians kept honeybees as far back as 3000BC. While beekeeping and apiculture have similar goals, there are some differences. Apiculturists will only raise bees for their honey (and perhaps wax), whereas beekeepers may raise bees for pollination or even just to produce honey!

Apiculture is broken down into two main types: Top Bar Hives and Langstroth Hives. Top bar hives consist of a single long bar that sits vertically on top of your hive box, with wooden slat frames suspended above it by metal wires or rods. The entire structure rests on legs (rather than sitting on the ground) so that air flow can be controlled better by limiting how many entrances allow access into the hive box at once; one hole per colony instead of unlimited access like you’d get with an open-side Langstroth style hives!

There are many different types of honey available today; some common varieties include clover blossom (blond), buckwheat flower (light amber), aster flower (dark amber), wildflower blend (darker than previous two), orange blossom nectar (orangey brown)….


Aquaculture is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, bacteria and other organisms. Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions and can be contrasted with commercial fishing which is the harvesting of wild fish.


Astrobiology is a multidisciplinary science that explores the occurrence, distribution, evolution, origin, and future of life in the universe. Astrobiology addresses the study of life on Earth with respect to its origins and evolution, its fundamental chemical composition and physical processes. The origin of life is also studied within the context of abiogenesis which refers to chemical reactions that could have led to living organisms from inanimate matter. Astrobiology concerns itself with all scales from micro-organisms (bacteria) up to all forms of complex life including human societies.


Bioarchaeology is the study of the relationship between human remains and the culture in which they were found. This type of research can be used to gain insight into human migration patterns, burial customs, and other aspects of ancient cultures. For example, bioarchaeologists have been able to learn about how populations migrated from Africa to North America by observing the skeletal differences between Native American peoples and African-Americans today.


Biochemistry is the study of the chemical processes within living organisms, and it’s a term you’ll often hear in reference to scientists who specialize in research related to human health. Biochemists might study how cells break down proteins or fats, what happens when a person eats too much sugar or alcohol, or how certain medications work in their bodies.

If you’re interested in this line of work but aren’t sure where to go from here, check out our guide on biochemistry careers!


Bioethics is a field of study focused on the ethical issues that arise from biomedical research, medicine and health care. Bioethicists are concerned with the ethical implications of new technologies, as well as social justice issues such as fairness in healthcare access, quality of life and disability rights. Some bioethicists may focus on specific areas within the field such as human cloning or genetic testing; others work in clinical practice to help patients understand their options for treatment.

While there are many other careers in science like those mentioned above that involve working with living things (such as being a naturalist), bioethics is unique because it focuses specifically on humans and how they relate to each other through health care services provided by doctors and scientists around the world every day.


  • Bioinformatics is the study of biological data, and how to manage, store, analyze and interpret it.
  • A bioinformatician is a person who specializes in this field.
  • The main areas of bioinformatics include:
  • Data management: This involves storing and retrieving data from databases using computer programs.
  • Data integration: Using information from one database to create a new database with all the necessary components that are needed for analysis. For example, you may use two separate databases that contain different types of data (such as proteins or genes) but want them integrated into one for further analysis. This process is called “integration”. Some examples would be combining gene expression datasets with protein-protein interaction networks or integrating medical literature with microarray experiments so they can be easily searched by their authors or date published without having to manually search through thousands of papers one at time!
  • Analysis: This involves analyzing large amounts of biological data using computers such as running programs written by yourself or other bioinformaticians around the world who have contributed their own code via open source projects such as Galaxy Cloud Service (GCS). These programs allow users to perform complex analyses on large datasets quickly without spending months doing so manually!

Biological oceanography

Biological oceanography is the study of biological and chemical processes in the ocean. This type of research often involves studying oceanic processes that affect biological organisms, such as climate change, marine pollution, and overfishing. Biological oceanography also examines the oceans’ role in the global carbon cycle (how carbon moves through ecosystems), nitrogen cycle (how nitrogen moves through ecosystems), and sulfur cycle (how sulfur moves through ecosystems).

Biological statistics

Biological statistics is the application of statistical theory and methodology to biological data. The field is split into several subfields, including descriptive statistics, experimental design, statistical genetics and phylogenetics, bioinformatics and machine learning.


Biomathematics is a growing field that seeks to apply mathematical concepts and methods in the study of biological systems. The term biomathematics was coined by Alan Turing, who used it to describe his work on mathematical biology. The term has since expanded to include any application of mathematics to biology, including bioinformatics and systems biology.

Biomedical informatics

Biomedical informatics is the study of information processing in healthcare. It is a multidisciplinary field that integrates computer science, information science and biomedical science.

Informatics is the study of information processing. Biomedical informatics focuses on data analysis, data management, and decision support for medicine and public health.

Biometrics (biostatistics)

Biometrics is the science of acquiring, storing, and using biological data for personal identification or verification. It uses physical features like fingerprints and retinal scans to identify a person. Biometrics can be used in forensics, medicine and security applications.

In security applications such as airport checkpoints or border crossings, biometric scanners measure physical characteristics (like fingerprints) to verify someone’s identity. The goal is to prevent fraud by identifying imposters who try to pass themselves off as someone else by impersonating them with fake documents or other means (like makeup).

The use of biometrics in health care can help doctors manage patient records more efficiently by eliminating duplication between different healthcare providers’ notes about the same patient—a problem that often occurs when patients move between hospitals or states over time.

Biophysical chemistry

Biophysical chemistry is the study of the physical and chemical properties of biological molecules. Biophysicists examine how cells function, how diseases arise, and how our bodies process food and drugs. They also study the interaction between biological molecules (such as proteins) and their environment.

Biosafety level 1, 2 or 3 laboratory technician or worker/employee. See also all biosafety levels.

Biosafety level 1 is the lowest level of biological hazard containment and is often referred to as standard or routine work.

Biosafety levels 2 and 3 are higher levels of biological hazard containment, for work with moderately or highly infectious agents, respectively.

To perform these activities, workers must be certified in Biosafety and Biological Safety (BS&B) training through the American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA). This certification involves passing a written exam.

Bioscience infrastructure technician or worker/employee. See also infrastructure technician and computer infrastructure technician.

If you’re interested in a career as a bioscience infrastructure technician or worker/employee, this is the job for you!

Bioscience infrastructure technicians and workers are responsible for setting up and maintaining large-scale laboratory equipment. They may also be responsible for installing software updates to improve the efficiency of computer systems. This position requires extensive technical knowledge and an ability to think critically about complex problems. Most employers require at least an associate’s degree in information technology or engineering.

A typical day on the job might include:

  • Installing new equipment into labs
  • Troubleshooting malfunctions with lab equipment

Biosystematics and taxonomy of both extinct and extant organisms.[citation needed] (see also taxonomy, systematics, biologist and paleontology)

Biosystematics and taxonomy are related fields, but they differ in focus. Both biosystematics and taxonomy involve the classification of organisms into groups based on their physical characteristics. However, while biosystematics is focused on living organisms (and thus involves a great deal of research into their biology), taxonomists focus on both extinct and extant organisms (including fossils). For example, paleontologist Richard Fortey worked as a paleontologist before becoming a systematist—but he still considers himself primarily to be a palaeontologist who also works with systematics.[1]

Biotechnologist[citation needed] (see also genetic engineering)

Biotechnologist[citation needed] is a relatively new field that involves the study of biological processes and applying them to different fields. People with this job have a big say on how we live our lives, from designing new types of crops and livestock to creating cures for diseases.

Genetic engineering is one type of biotechnology where scientists modify an organism’s genetic structure by adding, removing or altering its DNA. It can be used to fix genetic defects in humans or animals, but it’s also used for something called “gene therapy,” where scientists insert healthy genes into sick people who need them.

The pros: jobs are available in both academia and industry; high salaries; lots of opportunity for advancement

The cons: long hours (especially if you’re working towards tenure); stressful environment

Botany[citation needed] (see also horticulture)

Botany is the scientific study of plants. Botanists study the structure, growth, reproduction, distribution, and classification of plants. They also study how they are affected by their environment and how they can be grown in various settings.[1]

Botanists may specialize in a specific field such as taxonomy (determining which organisms belong to one or another species), plant physiology (the structure and function of plant organs), genetics or ecology. Alternatively botany may be considered a subfield within ecology or environmental studies.[2] Botanists who work on medical aspects of plants are called phytochemists.[3]

Botany experts have been credited with keeping people out from under trees during hurricanes since ancient times,[4][5][6] by collecting rainwater during storms for drinking purposes later on[7] (or just because). The discovery that certain flowers could trap insects led to the development of insect repellent sprays like Off!®

Cell biology[citation needed] (see also microbiology and molecular biology)

Cell biology is the study of cells. Cells are the building blocks of all living organisms, and their functions form the basis of all life on Earth. The study of cells therefore includes:

  • The structure and function of these microscopic units
  • How they divide, grow, move around and communicate with other cells within an organism
  • How they work together to form tissues and organs

Conservation biology[citation needed] (see also wildlife management)

Conservation biology is a field of biology that focuses on the preservation of species, their habitats, and ecosystems. It can also be defined as “the study of the processes by which different organisms are able to keep their numbers high enough to survive into the future”. Conservation biologists work in many sectors including government agencies, non-profit organizations, private businesses and universities.

There are many career options for those who pursue a career in conservation biology including working as an environmental policy analyst or biologist with the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).

Developmental biology[citation needed] (see also embryology)

Developmental biology is the study of how organisms change over time. It differs from other biological fields in that it does not focus on an organism’s current state, but on its evolutionary history, and the changes that occur during development.

Developmental biologists study how these changes happen, and why there are so many different ways for an organism to develop (e.g., there are numerous ways for a mouse embryo to develop into a mouse). Developmental biologists also study how an embryo forms from fertilization through birth or hatching (depending on the species), including processes such as cell division, differentiation and morphogenesis (shape change).

Developmental biology was historically considered similar to embryology because they both focused on embryos; however developmental biology includes both prenatal development as well as postnatal development.[1] A major difference between the two fields is that developmental biologists often work with living organisms such as mice while embryologists use dead tissue samples such as human blastocysts.[2]

There are many different ways you can go with a biology degree!

Biologists are those who study the different aspects of biology. This includes how things work and how they interact with each other. To be a biologist requires a degree in biology, but you can also get a degree in other things that use biology as part of their major. For example, people who go into medicine often need to know about biology because it helps them understand which treatments will work best for patients.

The great thing about having a degree in any kind of science is that there are so many different fields where you can apply your knowledge after graduation! Biologists have many options available when it comes time to find employment or gain more experience before moving on to another career path.


Though there are many paths, you can go down as a biologist, it’s important to keep in mind that this is a highly competitive field. There might not be one right path for you, but it’s important to do your research and make sure you’re choosing the right option based on your interests.

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